Juniper tree the Latin name: Juniperus communis is the common Juniper, is a species of the genus Juniperus, in the family Cupressaceae. It has one of the largest ranges of woody plants in the World. Juniper grows as a small tree or shrub throughout the cool temperate United States. Juniperus communis is commercially grown as an evergreen ornamental shrub but is not a valuable tree for wood products.
California Juniper: The berries of the California juniper (Juniperus California) were utilized as a food source by the Native Americans during times when food was scarce. Various Native American groups in California used the berries and other parts of the plant to treat illnesses such as common colds, flu, constipation, high blood pressure and hiccups. Today the California juniper’s berries are eaten raw, cooked or ground into a powder used for flavoring.
Chinese juniper: The Chinese juniper or “Juniperus Chinensis” is a popular ornamental tree often seen in parks or public gardens. It can reach heights exceeding sixty feet at maturity; although it can also be kept under two feet, as a bonsai tree. With its familiar needle-like foliage and trainable woody branches, Chinese juniper is a beautiful juniper species.
Red Juniper: The red juniper or “Juniperus virginiana” is a variety of juniper that is native to North America. Since this species is native to North America, it is the most ecologically progressive species of juniper to grow in the United States. It is an upright tree that produces a short trunk and a large, bushy canopy. This tree is perfect to plant on street sides or in a native plant garden.
Creeping juniper: The creeping juniper or “Juniperus horizontalis” is commonly observed as a ground cover plant because of its short stature and ability to spread throughout an area of land. Within the numerous cultivars of creeping juniper, one can choose between a plant with bright green foliage, yellow foliage or variegated.