Mugho pine

origin Mugho pine

Mugho pine

Word Origin from Mugho pine


a prostrate, shrubby pine, Pinus mugho mugho, native to Europe, cultivated as an ornamental.

low shrubby pine of central Europe with short bright green needles in bunches of two


Pinus mugho, Swiss mountain pine, dwarf mountain pine, mountain pine, mugho pine

Type of:

pine, pine tree, true pine


Also called mugho pine.

Origin of mugho pine Expand

French Italian

1750-17601750-60; < French mugho < Italian mugo, of dial. orig. (Trentino, Valtellina); further etymology uncertain

Also called dwarf mountain pine, this little conifer eventually achieves a height and width of 4 feet, with branching, upright stems evenly covered in 2-inch-long needles of a deep, dark true green. Thanks to its low growth, mugho pine can be used at the front of a border or anywhere you want year-round greenery in conifer form. Because it grows very slowly, start with a plant in a 15- or 5-gallon container.

Mugho pine does not need special soil; in nature, it often grows in slightly rocky areas with shallow topsoil. It does require good drainage, however. Roots grow near the surface; cover soil with a 2-inch-thick mulch to protect them. It performs best if left to grow naturally, so pick a plant with a pleasingly rounded form rather than trying to shape it later through pruning.

Pinus mugho has a bad reputation for reacting badly to repotting and root pruning. It is not unusual to hear of Mugos becoming weak or even dying after a Spring repotting.

Unlike the timing for the Japanese Black Pine which is normally repotted as they come into active growth (the candles have extended and the new needles can be seen held tight against the candle). Mugho pines react far better to Summer repotting.

Following comments I read on the internet last year that Mugos dislike being reported in early Spring and respond strongly to be repotted while active in the Summer, I repotted 3 Mugos last August with great success. The Mugho pine appears to be one of a few tree species that actually prefer repotting and root pruning during the growing season.