Bonsai (盆栽?) Is a plant or tree that dwarfed in a shallow pot with the aim of making a miniature of the original shape of a big old tree in the wild. Planting (sai, 栽) performed in a shallow pot called bon (盆). The term bonsai are also used for traditional Japanese art in the maintenance of plants or trees in shallow pots, and appreciation of beauty, of form branches, leaves, stems, and roots of trees, as well as a shallow pot into a container, or the overall shape of the plant or tree. Bonsai is the Japanese pronunciation for penzai (盆栽) as for the bonsai A Japanese word meaning plant grown in a pot, used to mean the growing of dwarf trees or shrubs in containers.
There are three criteria bonsai most fundamental and absolutely satisfied that the size, shape and age. Dwarf or bonsai size is relatively small, with a height between 5 cm to 150 cm. Bonsai, height of 150 cm can be said to be stunted if the plant like that grows in the wild can reach dozens or tens of meters, such as juniper or spruce, but “bonsai” as high as 30 cm cannot be said to be stunted if plants like to grow normally in the wild can only reach maximum height of 1.5 m, such as shrubs or other plants.
This art includes various techniques of cutting and pruning, wiring (the establishment of branches and tree limbs by wrapping wire or bend the wire bonding), as well as making the roots spread out on the rock. Bonsai-making takes a long time and involve a wide variety of jobs, such as fertilizer, pruning, plant establishment, watering, and replacement of the pot and soil. Plants or trees dwarfed by cutting the roots and branches. Tree formed with the help of wire on the twigs and shoots. The wire must have been taken before they could scratch the skin of the tree branches. Plants are living beings, and no bonsai that can be said is completed or finished. Changes that occur continuously at the plant, according to the season or the state of nature is one of the charms of bonsai.